Std. 3  Manufacturing and its 5 Basic Steps

Manufacturing is the process by which converts materials or other parts into goods that are used by consumers.  This can be done in both small scale and large scale production.  Other resources used in these processes can be people, equipment, machinery, and robotics.

Here are a few large scale processes using other resources to make products.

Manufacturing is the process by which converts materials or other parts into goods that are used by consumers.  This can be done in both small scale and large scale production.  Other resources used in these processes can be people, equipment, machinery, and robotics.

Here are a few large scale processes using other resources to make products.

5 Steps of Manufacturing

There are 5 basic steps to manufacturing processes:  Preparation, Processing, Assembly, Finishing, and Packaging.

Preparation steps are the steps that take place before the actual product begins being made.  These can be things like the orientation of pieces, measuring of ingredients, or gathering together of the components that will make the final product.

Processsing steps are the steps where work is being done toward the creation or completion of the final product.  Processing normally takes place in manufacturing processes where things are made in batches or in continuous processes.  Processing can be things like the mixing of cookie dough ingredients, the break down of wood chips to create wood pulp, or the baking of bread.  Many times when processing is used then assembly is not used.  If the individual components going into the process cannot be distinguished from the other components, the processing was used.

Assembly steps are used in a process when individual components are used together to create another product.  If the individual components going into the process can still be seen in a final product, then assembly was used.  Many times when assembly is used, then processing is not used.  Examples of assembly are putting together the individual components that make a television, the assebmly of the parts of a pair of eyeglasses, or binding the pages of a book.

Finishing steps are used when there are aesthetic changes made to the product but the function of the product is not impacted significantly.  Examples of finishing is the polish that is done to a ceramic piece after it has been glazed, the dipping of a car bumper with a chrome plated finish, or the testing of the television before it leaves the factory.

Packaging steps are the final steps of preparing a product to go to the customer or consumer. Examples of packaging are placing the completed television in a plastic to keep things from touching the screen during transit, placing the correct count of boxes in the case of cookies, or placing the shipping label on the products.

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